When a company makes an offer of its equity shares to the public for the first time.
A person who buys and sells securities over very short time periods (from a day to a few days) to make profits from short term market volatility.
The term used for a stock that cannot be easily bought or sold due to lower trading volume.
Number of shares available for trading (total shares issued by the company minus closely held shares, shares under lock-in, and restricted shares.
Studying a stock to measure its intrinsic value.